Skip to main content

Microsoft Research Audio

Microsoft

More than 1,100 brilliant scientists and engineers push the boundaries of computing in multiple research areas in 13 research labs around the world. Discover what we've delivered to Microsoft and to the world, such as contributions to Kinect for Xbox 360, work to develop an HIV vaccine, and advancing education techniques in rural communities.

1,626
RESULTS
rss


PART OF
Podcasts Mirror
Media Type
1,626
audio
Year
2
2015
16
2010
247
2009
287
2008
261
2007
336
2006
More right-solid
Topics & Subjects
1,626
Microsoft Research
1,626
Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive
57
Tamara Pesik
52
Kirsten Wiley
45
Jim Larus
39
Jennifer Chayes
More right-solid
Collection
More right-solid
Creator
1,626
microsoft research
Language
1,626
English
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Archived
Creator
The U.S. is currently in a global competition for science and engineering talent. Only a small fraction of our populace pursues careers as scientists or engineers, in direct contrast with emerging countries for which 50% or more of college students follow a science or engineering track. The quality of our science and engineering education system is also poor, if international test scores are to be believed. U.S. military and economic dominance is at stake, as outlined starkly by the Hart-Rudman...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Merrilea...
Why is software so hard? Our civilization runs on software, yet the art of creating it continues to be a dark mystery, even to the experts, and the greater the ambitions, the more it seem to fail. Scott Rosenberg tried to answer this question by taking us inside the Open Source Application Foundation, a software startup by Mitch Kapor (of Lotus Development) to follow what was supposed to be their 'one year race' to a brilliant new kind of software. Five years later the project is still in...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Scott...
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 53
favorite 1
comment 0
The legendary Omaha investor has sworn never to write a memoir, but now has allowed one writer unprecedented access to explore directly with him and those closest to him his work,opinions, struggles, triumphs, follies and wisdom. Warren Buffett is an array of paradoxes:He set out to prove that nice guys finish first, and over the years has treated his investors as partners and championed honesty to all. At the same time he became the world’s richest man, all from the modest Omaha headquarters...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Alice Schroeder
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 51
favorite 0
comment 0
How do we make decisions – good and bad – and why are some people so much better at it than others? Utilizing case studies as diverse as speed dating, pop music, and the shooting of Amadou Diallo, Gladwell reveals that what we think of as decisions made in the blink of an eye are much more complicated than assumed. Drawing on cutting-edge neuroscience and psychology, he shows how the difference between good decision-making and bad has nothing to do with how much information we can process...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Malcolm Gladwell
Microsoft Research Audio
by Microsoft Research
audio
eye 40
favorite 0
comment 0
We live in a world of great and increasing complexity, where even the most expert professionals struggle to master the tasks they face. Longer training, more advanced technologies: neither seems to prevent grievous errors. There is a remedy in the most humble and simple of all techniques: the checklist. We can identify successful people in many fields who turn to checklists to pull off some of the most difficult tasks, and places where the impact of the checklist is huge:
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Atul Gawande
Most thinking about money assumes your financial life is separate from the rest of your life, but it is time to put those things back together. We need to account for earning, spending, debt and savings, but also count the time these functions take in your life. A positive relationship with money is reflected in the sense of satisfaction and fulfillment you get from your work, and how it connects you with family, community and planet. Regardless of whether you are in debt or whether you have...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Vicki Robin
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 33
favorite 0
comment 0
Donald Knuth’s “The Art of Computer Programming” on algorithms and their analysis is a classic text in computer science. The image of computer programming that is reflected in this book is one that is highly analytical and mathematical. It calls to mind the figure of a lone developer sitting down at a keyboard to enter esoteric codes into computer. It is difficult to imagine a more “technical” activity; the code must be syntactically correct before it compiles and the algorithms must...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Rob DeLine, Susan Elliott Sim
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 31
favorite 0
comment 0
Make Love the Bruce Campbell Way What you're reading right now is known as 'flap copy.' This is where the 72,444 words of my latest book,are cooked down to fit in a 3 ½-by-9 ½-inch column. But how does one do that with a fictional story about a B movie actor’s disastrous attempt to finally star in a big-budget Hollywood movie? Do you tantalize readers with snappy zingers like the one in chapter six where Biff the Wonder Boy says, 'You may be bred in ol’ Kentucky, but you're only a crumb...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, johnsang, Bruce Campbell
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 31
favorite 0
comment 0
Albert Einstein is a great icon of our age: the kindly refugee from oppression whose wild halo of hair, twinkling eyes, engaging humanity, and extraordinary brilliance made his face a symbol and his name a synonym for genius. In 2006, all of his (published and unpublished) papers were unsealed, and with this new information we can get a deeper understanding of the man and his place in history. What role did Einstein’s 'rebellious nature' play in his creativity? What were his thoughts about...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Walter...
Why has one game, alone among the thousands of games invented and played throughout human history, not only survived but thrived within every culture it has touched? What is it about its thirty-two figurative pieces, moving about its sixty-four black and white squares according to very simple rules, that has captivated people for nearly 1,500 years? Why has it driven some of its greatest players into paranoia and madness, and yet is hailed as a metaphor for society and influenced military...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley and Kim Ricketts, David...
In his talk, Professor Leavitt will focus on the philosophical, mathematical, and psychological underpinnings of Turing's landmark work, in particular Turing's proof of the insolubility of Hilbert's 'decision problem' (in the course of which he introduced the concept of the Turing machine) and the provocative essay on artificial intelligence in which Turing asked the famous question, 'Can a machine think?' Professor Leavitt will also discuss Turing's experiences as a homosexual man in pre- and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, David Leavitt
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 23
favorite 0
comment 0
With the advent of the Internet it is now possible to collect hundreds of millions of images. These images come with varying degrees of label information. “Clean labels” can be manually obtained on a small fraction, “noisy labels” may be extracted automatically from surrounding text, while for most images there are no labels at all. Semisupervised learning is a principled framework for combining these different label sources. However, it scales polynomially with the number of images,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Rick Szeliski, Rob Fergus
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 23
favorite 0
comment 0
COMPANIONS is an EU project that aims to change the way we think about the relationships of people to computers and the Internet by developing a virtual conversational 'Companion'. This is intended as an agent or 'presence' that stays with a user for long periods of time, developing a relationship and 'knowing' its owners preferences and wishes. The Companion communicates with the user primarily through speech. This paper describes the functionality and system modules of the Senior Companion,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tim Paek, Yorick Wilks
A fascinating exploration of the relationship between music and the mind—and the role of melodies in shaping our lives Whether you load your iPod with Bach or Bono, music has a significant role in your life—even if you never realized it. Why does music evoke such powerful moods? The answers are at last becoming clear, thanks to revolutionary neuroscience and the emerging field of evolutionary psychology. Levitin unravels a host of mysteries that affect everything from pop culture to our...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Tamara Pesik, Daniel...
Microsoft Research Audio
by Microsoft Research
audio
eye 22
favorite 0
comment 0
War is seemingly everywhere around us, and not just the war in Iraq. There are culture wars, internet wars, business wars, nasty political wars. This all reflects something strange and new happening in society—a heightened level of conflict up and down the line, as more and more individuals are drawn into and involved in power struggles. It is a confusing and complicated battlefield for us all. The only way to really navigate this new world order is through a solid understanding of strategy,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jon Pincus/Tamara Pesik, Robert Greene
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 21
favorite 0
comment 0
If robots understood metaphors, would that make them poets? Should we be suspicious of anything metaphorical? Why are metaphors so messy and what makes them so neat? Philosophers since Plato have complained that metaphors are evasive and slippery at best; at worst perhaps nothing more than a device for telling lies and misleading and corrupting the mind. After Plato, the same complaint shows up with Francis Bacon, with Rene Descartes, John Locke, David Hume, Rudolph Carnap, to name but a few....
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Leroy Searle
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 21
favorite 0
comment 0
This talk addresses the question of whether message passing provides an adequate programming model for multicore processors. It argues that programmers need more structure than what is provided by today's popular message passing libraries. Collective operations and design patterns offer some structure, but as the use of concurrency in programming increases, application programmers will have increasing difficulty identifying and combining these into complex operations. Some challenges, such as...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jim Larus, Edward A. Lee
Do you come passionately alive at work and relish the role that work plays in your life? If not, Dr. Srikumar Rao has an invitation for you. His work has set hundreds of people on paths of self-discovery that have totally transformed their lives. http://www.leighbureau.com/speakers/srao/rao.pdf' t '_blankThis is not just about jobs and careers. Dr. Rao helps people identify and realize their ideal life. The premise is simple: A person’s ideal life, especially their career, can be carefully...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Srikumar Rao
Too many companies think creativity means throwing money into marketing efforts and giving lip service to 'out of the box' thinking. But such efforts rarely have a positive impact on the bottom line. Pat Fallon and Fred Senn argue that leaders have more creativity within their organizations than they realize - but they inadvertently stifle it or channel it in ineffective ways. Their work outlines a disciplined approach to building creativity actively into the organizational culture and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Pat Fallon, Fred Senn
The human object recognition system has about a trillion synapses and computer vision systems will probably need to learn a similar number of parameters in order to be competitive. This makes it necessary to learn useful feature detectors from unlabeled examples (as the cortex does). I will describe how this can be done and will illustrate the approach with two multi-layer neural networks that perform object recognition on two very different databases. The NORB database has stereo, gray-level...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Li Deng and Alex Acero, Geoff Hinton
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 20
favorite 0
comment 0
Frank Herbert wrote over 30 bestselling books during his lifetime, including the now classic six novels set in the Dune universe. The first book, Dune, won both the Nebula and Hugo awards and is still the world’s bestselling science fiction novel. When Frank Herbert died in 1986 he left behind the outlines for the continuation of the Dune saga, though they were hidden in two safe deposit boxes for over a decade. Following his death his son Brian Herbert compiled a massive Dune concordance and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Brian...
Process control and improvement are keys to successful businesses, especially in agile environments. The PROfessional Metrcics (PROM) system and its Experience Manager (PEM) are designed to promote them. PROM supports automatic and non invasive collection of metrics from software processes and products. Without any significant intervention of the software engineers (apart the initial configuration), data about where effort is spent, metrics on design and code, and other relevant information...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Nachi Nagappan, Giancarlo Succi
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 19
favorite 0
comment 0
Visual spatial impairment is often an early symptom of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. For example, patients get lost, misplace belongings, or have difficulty parking their cars. This multi-faceted domain of cognition is not well-assessed by most dementia evaluations. Neurodegenerative diseases cause circumscribed atrophy in distinct neural networks, and accordingly, they impact visual spatial cognition in different and characteristic ways....
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kate Possin
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 19
favorite 0
comment 0
There are a range of human reactions to music: from indifference to rapture, from “amusia” (the inability to recognize certain aspects of music) to a synesthetic response that imbues every musical note with its own color and taste. Our sensitivities to music can become dangerous-whether is from songs we simply can’t get out of our heads or the non stop musical hallucinations a surprising number of us experience night and day. Yet far more frequently, music goes right: it can help people...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Oliver...
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 18
favorite 0
comment 0
The knowledge-based rational decision model (KBR-model) is built on explicit epistemic reading of standard game-theoretical assumptions, e.g., Harsanyi’s Maximin Postulate, in a non-probabilistic setting. This model suggests following maximin strategy over all scenarios which the agent considers possible to the best of his knowledge.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Yuri Gurevich, Sergei Artemov
MAP inference in MRFs (or energy minimization) is known to be NP-hard in general, and thus research has focussed on either finding efficiently solvable subclasses (eg trees via BP), or approximate inference algorithms (eg Loopy BP and Tree-reweighted message passing).
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Larry Zitnick, Dhruv Batra
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 18
favorite 0
comment 0
This is the story of two people playing chess in a smoky café in 1916 in Zurich, Switzerland. The two people are Tristan Tzara, the founder of Dada, a radical art movement and V.I. Lenin, the architect of the Russian Revolution. And it’s the most important chess game ever played, because the world is never going to be the same when these guys get up from the table. Tzara goes on to change the look and meaning of the new century through poetry, art, paradox, absurdity, laughter, abolishing...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Andre Codrescu
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 18
favorite 0
comment 0
We consider the asymmetric traveling salesman problem for costs satisfying the triangle inequality. We derive a randomized algorithm which delivers a solution within a factor O(log n/ log log n) of the optimum with high probability. Also we give the first constant factor approximation algorithm for metrics that are shortest path distances in a weighted directed graph when the underlying undirected graph has a bounded orientable genus. In this talk I will try to describe the main ideas of these...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kamal Jain, Shayan Oveis Gharan
Microsoft Research Audio
by Microsoft Research
audio
eye 18
favorite 0
comment 0
The Manticore project is an effort to design and implement a new functional language for parallel programming. Unlike many earlier parallel languages, Manticore is a heterogeneous language that supports parallelism at multiple levels. Specifically, we combine CML-style explicit concurrency with fine-grain, implicitly threaded, parallel constructs. To support heterogeneous parallelism, we have developed a novel scheduling architecture. We have been workingon an implementation of Manticore for...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jim Larus, John Reppy
Theorem provers for higher-order logics often use tactics to implement automated proof search. Often some basic tactics are designed to behave very differently in different contexts. As new axioms, definitions and theorems are added to the system, such tactics may need to be dynamically updated. In a logical framework with multiple (perhaps conflicting) logics, this has the added complexity that definitions and theorems should only be used for automation only in the logic in which they are...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Yuri Gurevich, Aleksey Nogin
No organization can survive without iconoclasts: innovators who single handedly upturn conventional wisdom and manage to achieve what so many others deem impossible. Though indispensable, true iconoclasts are few and far between. What are the constraints the human mind puts on innovative thinking and how can we avoid them? Through vivid accounts of a wide range of iconoclasts including artist Dale Chihuly, physicist Richard Feynman and others we can see the inner workings of the iconoclast’s...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Kirsten Wiley, Gregory Berns
Textual data is everywhere, in email and scientific papers, in online newspapers and e-commerce sites. The Web contains more than 200 terabytes of text not even counting the contents of dynamic textual databases. This enormous source of knowledge is seriously underexploited. Textual documents on the Web are very hard to model computationally: they are mostly unstructured, time-dependent, collectively authored, multilingual, and of uneven importance. Traditional grammar-based techniques don't...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Ciprian Chelba, Dragomir R. Radev
In thirty years of negotiation work, William Ury has learned that the most essential skill in negotiating and resolving conflicts is the one the vast majority of us have the most difficulty mastering: the ability to say “no.” At the heart of the difficulty in saying no is the tension between exercising your power and tending to your relationship—and the secret to saying no without destroying relationships is learning “the art of the positive no.” It is a three-step process that can...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, William...
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 17
favorite 0
comment 0
How many days were there in 1752? Is there a year 0? When was there a February 30th? Why did an aluminum company lose $1,000,000 on New Year's Eve? Who thinks 1900 was a leap year? Why is Passover late? Why does Ramadan end early? Does the Chinese calendar follow a 19 year cycle? Why do the Hindus skip days and months? Who would pay for a Martian calendar? This talk will answer these ten questions and explain the underpinnings of the major types of calendars: solar (Gregorian, Julian, Persian,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Yuri Gurevich, Nachum Dershowitz
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 17
favorite 0
comment 0
The number of African Americans and Latino/as receiving undergraduate and advanced degrees in computer science is disproportionately low. Relatively few African American and Latino/a high school students receive the kind of institutional encouragement, educational opportunities and preparation needed for them to choose computer science as a field of study and profession. Let us look at the daily experiences of students in three Los Angeles public high schools: an overcrowded urban high school,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Kirsten Wiley, Jane Margolis
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 17
favorite 0
comment 0
Outliers is a book about success. It starts with a very simple question: what is the difference between those who do something special with their lives and everyone else? In Outliers we’re going to visit a genius who lives on a horse farm in Northern Missouri. We’re going to examine the bizarre histories of professional hockey players and look into the peculiar childhood of Bill Gates and spend time in a Chinese rice paddy. We will investigate the world’s greatest law firm and wonder...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Kirsten Wiley, Malcolm...
Microsoft Research Audio
by Microsoft Research
audio
eye 17
favorite 0
comment 0
Enjoying amazing ancient structures through Internet technologies is one of the most promising methods to promote our culture and cultural heritage. These technologies involve sensing, transmission, and display. In this talk, I will briefly explain these three aspects, and then focus on sensing issues, in particular, the technical challenges presented by sensing huge outdoor structures. I will describe the technical challenges and how we solved them as we confronted the difficult task of...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Sing Bing Kang, Katsushi Ikeuchi
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 17
favorite 0
comment 0
In this new futuristic thriller the world keeps getting tougher and more complicated, as America teeters on the edge of bankruptcy because of crushing foreign debt. The country’s apparent “savior”, the Talos Corporation, delivers training for soldiers and runs security forces around the world: but there is a sinister hidden cost. The three FBI agents who survived the challenges in Quantico are draw back together in an alliance against a deadly challenge for which no one is prepared. The...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Greg Bear
Gutenberg is credited with having invented the typographic printing process in the West around 1450. Printing has been regarded as an exception to the general principle that technological advances happen incrementally; it is held that his idea, full-blown at its birth, remained virtually unchanged until the typographic developments of the 19th century. We have studied early printing from an archaeological standpoint, focusing in particular on survivals from Gutenberg’s press. Using data...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, David Salesin, Blaise Aguera y Arcas
The goal of this project is to develop a Microsoft Windows-based Computer Grid infrastructure that will support high performance scientific computing and integration of multi source biometric applications. The University of Houston Microsoft Windows-based Computer Grid (WING) includes not only the Computer Science and the Technology Department networks, but also includes nodes in China, Germany, and several other countries. The total amount of available storage exceeds 4 Terabytes. Four...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Dan Fay, Marc Garbey, Victoria Hilford
A key problem facing us in the 21st century is information retrieval and management - how to retrieve, process, and store the information one seeks from the huge and ever-growing mass of available data, including multimedia. Music, from mp3s to ring tones to digitized scores, is one of the most popular categories of multimedia. Music collections are typically indexed by such features as title, composer, and performer. However, people often wish to perform tasks that require knowledge of their...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Robert Ragno, Bryan Pardo
Microsoft Research Audio
by Microsoft Research
audio
eye 16
favorite 0
comment 0
Nick Baker is General Manager for Xbox Architectural Design. After graduating from Imperial College London in 1990, he found his way to Apple and worked on the team that tried to create a specialized video card. He then went to 3DO where he worked on their high-end gaming system, which unfortunately failed in the market.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Robert Hess, Nick Baker
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 16
favorite 0
comment 0
Working in secrecy to solve highly classified problems for the Department of Defense, CIA, and NSA is an elite group of scientific advisors who provide the government with analyses on defense and arms control and they call themselves Jason. Named for the hero in Jason and the Argonauts, the group grew out of the Manhattan Project and counts as its members scientists such as Freeman Dyson and Murray Gell-Mann. Of the roughly one hundred Jasons over time, 43 have been elected to the National...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Ann...
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 16
favorite 0
comment 0
The obvious way to find images that are semantically similar to a query image is to solve the object recognition problem. In the meantime, it is possible to extract a feature vector from each image and to retrieve images with similar features. If the features are binary they are cheap to store and match. If they are also highly abstract (e.g. indoor vs outdoor) and roughly orthogonal they work well for image retrieval. I will describe a method of extracting such binary features using multilayer...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Li Deng and Alex Acero, Geoff Hinton
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 16
favorite 0
comment 0
For nearly a decade, John Wood rode the '90's tech boom to a leadership position at Microsoft where he 'had it all': the big paycheck, the corporate apartment and proximity to software giant Bill Gates. All of this changed with an eye opening trip to Nepal that inspired John to make a stunning decision: He would give up his career in order to build desperately needed schools across the developing world. With LEAVING MICROSOFT TO CHANGE THE WORLD Wood tells the remarkable story of his decision...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley and Kim Ricketts, John Wood
They are tiny. They are tall. They are gray. They are green. They survey our world with enormous glowing eyes. To conduct their shocking experiments, they creep in at night to carry humans off to their spaceships. Yet there is no evidence that they exist at all. So how could anyone believe he or she was abducted by aliens? Or want to believe it? To answer these questions, psychologist Susan Clancy interviewed and evaluated 'abductees' – old and young, male and female, religious and agnostic....
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Susan Clancy
For centuries, the general view had been that science is neither good nor bad, that it merely supplies information ad that new information is always beneficial. Now we live in a world where the leaders of Africa nations prefer to let their citizens starve rather than import genetically modified grains, and where childhood vaccines, one of the most effective health measures in history has people marching against their use. In the best universities in the world the research labs are surrounded by...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Michael Specter
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 15
favorite 0
comment 0
What is at the core of every great company? How do leaders and companies create sustained competitive advantage? In Purpose, Nikos Mourkogiannis shows that companies have forgotten one of the most important aspects of strategy: a sense of purpose. Strategy is management’s plan for a company, but Mourkoggianis argues that long before planning, companies must have purpose—a set of values that defines a company and inspires its employees. Rather than organization and structure, such core ideas...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Nikos Mourkogiannis
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 15
favorite 0
comment 0
Many large-scale distributed environments, aka “clouds”, “grids”, or “batch systems”, execute Bags-of-(millions of) Tasks (BOTs). These include Google's Map-Reduce, Intel's NetBatch, and resource-demanding extreme e-Science computations.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Nikolaj Bjorner, Assaf Schuster
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 15
favorite 0
comment 0
It is time to put our most hard-held assumptions about children, parenting and education to the test of current science: and when we do so, we will find how erroneous some of those assumptions can be. For example, did you know: That exposing kids to day to day marital conflict may actually be good for them? That tests for “gifted” schools identify appropriate children only 37% of the time? That young children are more aggressive after watching television shows like “Arthur” than...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kevin Schofield, Po Bronson
Why do Americans buy enormous cars? Choose the largest television sets possible? Frequent fast-food restaurants? Elect tall Presidents? Dr. Clotaire Rapaille is a French-born psychologist, now an American citizen, who has become a marketing guru retained by major Fortune 500 corporations worldwide. His work is based on the idea that every culture has a 'cultural unconscious' that drives the behavior of its members. His task has been to unearth our 'cultural archetypes' to reveal the way they...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Clotaire Rapaille
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 15
favorite 0
comment 0
So what is “the element” and how can you find yours? To truly be in your element, both passion ad skill need to come together. People in their element find that time is experienced differently and energy levels are transformed; creating an environment in which people work in their element is likely to lead to far greater individual contribution, more employee engagement and, ultimately, a more productive economy.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Ken Robinson
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 14
favorite 0
comment 0
The problem of dimension reduction has inspired many different methods over the years in the statistics and machine learning communities. However, as often seems the case, the efforts in these two communities seem largely disconnected. In this talk I will review some old statistical techniques that do not appear to be widely known in the machine learning community – estimating the Correlation Dimension, Sliced Inverse Regression, and Sliced Average Variance Estimation. I’ll put these...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Dengyong Zhou, Chris Burgess
Microsoft Research Audio
by Microsoft Research
audio
eye 14
favorite 0
comment 0
Over the last 200 years, technology has transformed nearly every other industry across the globe except for one: our schools. They function largely as they always have – with one expert delivering instruction to a class of 25-35 students at a time. In 1983, the National Commission on Educational Excellence Released A Nation At Risk, a report that sounded a national alarm bell to improve our nation’s schools. Since then, we have increased per pupil expense, reduced class size, spent billions...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Mike Zyskowski, Joel Rose
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 14
favorite 0
comment 0
The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is one of the most popular ciphers in the world and is widely used for both commercial and
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kristin Lauter, Dmitry Khovratovich
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 14
favorite 0
comment 0
In this talk I will describe three projects that harness the potential of variable-aperture photography – capturing multiple photos by manipulating basic lens controls such as aperture and focus. I will show that by combining such photos, the information encoded in defocus can be used to achieve a variety of goals. First, I will describe a new method for computing highly detailed 3D shape by controlling both the aperture and focus of a lens. This method is particularly well-suited for scenes...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Sing Bing Kang, Sam Hasinoff
This talk describes Secure Virtual Architecture (SVA), an efficient and robust approach to provide a safe execution environment for an entire commodity operating system, such as Linux and its hosted applications. SVA defines a simple, but complete, virtual architecture, implemented via a compiler-based virtual machine. The SVA approach is efficient and requires relatively few changes to the guest OS because it is based on a set of novel, and highly efficient, techniques to enforce strong safety...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jim Larus, Vikram Adve
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 14
favorite 0
comment 0
In addition to providing an update on the 'culture change' work described in June's Holistic System of Systems talk, and describing the theoretical basis for an approach to inducing cultural change, this talk will serve as a dry run for an upcoming SteveB presentation on 'Project Fabulous', an approach to reinforce and accelerate the cultural transformation of Microsoft. ©2005 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jon Pincus
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 14
favorite 0
comment 0
Diverse control and measurement applications, such as mobile phone testing, process optimization, and distributed sonic arrays all require precise timing and synchronization. Designers of such systems need to understand the tradeoffs between the available timing technologies before choosing the right technology. When it comes to writing the software for the system it is often the case that the programming languages and tools either treat time as a second class citizen or worse - ignore time all...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Mike Barnett, Jacob Kornerup
Multiparty computation protocols have been known for more than twenty years now, but due to their lack of efficiency their use is still limited in real-world applications. In this talk we present some recent developments in the area of efficient two and multi party computation aimed to fill the gap between theory and practice. We propose a new protocol to securely evaluate reactive arithmetic circuits, that offers security against an active adversary in the universally composable security...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Melissa Chase, Claudio Orlandi
Change or die. What if you were given that choice? What if it weren’t just the hyperbolic rhetoric that conflates corporate performance with life or death? What if a well informed, trusted authority figure said you had to make difficult and enduring changes in the way you think, feel and act? Could you change when change really mattered? While we all have the ability and fundamental need to change our behavior, we rarely do. Against all warnings heart patients and smokers continue to lead...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Alan...
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 13
favorite 0
comment 0
At the heart of most software engineering and optimization applications is some
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Francesco Logozzo, Mark Marron
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 13
favorite 0
comment 0
We will describe recent advances in deep learning techniques for
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Chris J.C. Burges, Ronan Collobert
What accounts for the remarkable ability to get inside another person’s head-to know what they are thinking and feeling? It is at the very heart of what it means to be human, creating a bridge between self and others that is fundamental to the development of culture and society. But what is it in the human brain that makes this possible?In the past decade neurologists have identified mirror neurons in the brain, the “smart cells” that allow us to understand others, and this discovery will...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Kirsten Wiley, Marco...
What if you never had to forget anything? Trends in storage, sensing and computing will bring about an e-memory revolution in the next 10 years that will enable you to record as much of your life as want, in previously unimaginable detail. Everything you see and hear, every step you take, every heartbeat, all of it could be captured digitally. You could have Total Recall. Total Recall will revolutionize our health, our learning, and our productivity. It will change the story we pass on to...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Jim Gemmell and Gordon Bell
It’s the trap that ensnares virtually every business. We focus on process: “how” we’re doing the job and we forget the bigger issue: “what” we’re doing and “why” we’re doing it. We can rise above the “hows” to expose what does and doesn’t need attention in your organization, and to identify the activities most central to success. By looking at powerful case studies—from ING Direct to Amazon.com to Procter and Gamble and more-we can see how these diverse companies...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Ric Merrifield
Sometime this century the day will arrive when the human influence on the climate will overwhelm all other natural factors. Over the past decade, the world has seen the most powerful El Niño ever recorded, the most devastating hurricane in two hundred years, the hottest European summer on record (which killed twenty-six thousand people in two months), the first South Atlantic hurricane ever, and one of the worst storm seasons ever experienced in Florida. With one out of every five living...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Tim Flannery
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 13
favorite 0
comment 0
Your life is the creation of what you focus on-and what you don’t. But what is “attention”, exactly? Can we train our focus? What happens in the brain when you deeply focus on something? With cutting edge information from neuroscience and behavioral science we can examine the role of attention in all areas of our lives, from work and relationships to the role it plays in innovation and creativity. In today’s world of omnipresent Blackberries, sound bites, Twitter and an increasing...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Winifred Gallagher
The game industry is becoming a multi-billion dollar industry with revenues overcoming those of the movie industry. Recently, thousands of people around the world camped out in front of stores for days to be the first to own a Xbox 360, a Play Station 3, and Nintendo Wii. As the game industry matures, the tools used by designers and developers to build such games also mature. These tools are gaining importance as they not only result in better, faster developed games, but find unforeseen and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, John Nordlinger, Magy Seif El-Nasr
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 12
favorite 0
comment 0
Donna Shirley, Director of the new Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame which opened June 18 at the Seattle Center, will give an overview of the museum. SFM is not only an entertaining and instructive museum but is putting together a strong educational program focused on using Science Fiction to increase literacy and an understanding of science, technology and society. ©2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Donna Shirley
AES is the best known and most widely used block cipher. Its three versions (AES-128, AES-192, and AES-256) differ in their key sizes (128 bits, 192 bits and 256 bits) and in their number of rounds (10, 12, and 14, respectively). In the case of AES-128, there is no known attack which is faster than the 2 128 complexity of exhaustive search. However, AES-192 and AES-256 were recently shown to be breakable by attacks which require 2 176 and 2 100 time, respectively. While these complexities are...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kristin Lauter, Orr Dunkelman
We present a technique for designing memory-bound algorithms with high data reuse on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) equipped with close-to-ALU software-managed memory. The approach is based on the efficient use of this memory through the implementation of a software-managed cache. We also present an analytical model for performance analysis of such algorithms.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Laurent Visconti, Mark Silberstein
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 12
favorite 0
comment 0
There are companies that create waves and those that ride or are drowned by them. Let’s take a ride on the Google wave, from how it formed to how it crashed into traditional media businesses.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Ken Auletta
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 12
favorite 0
comment 0
Will a better understanding of the human brain enable engineers to build better interfaces and operating systems? Dan Siegel will discuss neurobiology and its implications for computing. He will introduce the study of the brain as a system. Siegel has reviewed a number of scientific disciplines that explore the idea of the mind developing at the interface between human relationships and the unfolding structure and function of the brain. Recent discoveries from a number of independent fields,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Dan Siegel
Microsoft Research Audio
audio
eye 12
favorite 0
comment 0
Taylor Branch has referred to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as a modern American founding father. Over the past twenty five years, Taylor Branch has written three volumes dedicated to the life of Dr. King. The first two books in this trilogy won just about every major literary award possible, including the Pulitzer Prize. Taylor will be at Microsoft Research discussing his third and final volume on Dr. King’s life and work At Canaan's Edge. He portrays King at the height of his moral power even...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Taylor Branch